Author Archives: Friedman & Ranzenhofer

Penalties For Criminal Sexual Act In The Second Degree (NY PL 130.45) In Buffalo

A conviction on sex crimes charges will change your life permanently, and all for the worse. Under Criminal Sexual Act in the Second Degree (NY PL 130.45), you’ll live with a felony record that cannot be expunged, and face up to seven years in prison if convicted of this class D felony. Upon release, you’ll […]

Is Catching My Spouse Cheating Enough To Get A Divorce Approved In Buffalo?

In the past, New York law presented a variety of barriers to divorce, including requiring a substantial body of evidence to prove an allegation like adultery. Today, those barriers have been reformed, and a person who catches their spouse cheating can obtain a divorce using the Irretrievable Breakdown ground. This is New York’s version of […]

Penalties For Rape In The Second Degree (NY PL 130.30) In Buffalo, NY

Second Degree Rape (NY PL 130.30) is charged as a class D felony in Buffalo, and if you’re convicted, you can go to prison for as long as seven years. Aside from your felony conviction, which can never be expunged in New York, you’ll also deal with being required to register as a sex offender […]

Penalties For Rape In The Third Degree (NY PL 130.25) In Buffalo, NY

Felony rape charges, like Rape in the Third Degree (NY PL 130.25), are charges that can ruin your life even if you aren’t convicted. The allegation that you engaged in sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 17, or a person who did not consent, is extremely damaging. Jobs, apartments, and loans to […]

Penalties For Sexual Misconduct (NY PL 130.20) In Buffalo, NY

Sexual Misconduct (NY PL 130.20) is a serious charge in Buffalo that alleges that you engaged in sexual intercourse or sexual conduct with another person without their consent. The charge itself as graded as an A misdemeanor, which means that conviction can lead to a one year prison sentence and a $1,000 fine. You may […]

Are Awards In A Divorce In Buffalo Subject To Interest Fees?

Yes, if you will be distributing funds over time, it is within the discretion of your judge to impose interest fees payable to your spouse. While these are typically in the 5% range, higher interest rates have been applied. Some cases have had interest rates as high as 9% applied. Obviously, fees like this can […]

How Are Ignition Interlock Devices Approved For Use In New York State?

Even first time offenders convicted of Driving While Intoxicated in a Buffalo area court will be required to install an ignition interlock device on every vehicle he or she wishes to continue driving for work, school, or other necessities. This device requires the driver to provide a breath sample before starting the vehicle and periodically […]

How Much Training Does A Buffalo, NY Breath Test Operator Receive?

When a Buffalo driver suspected of being intoxicated is asked to take the breath test, there are rules regarding who is permitted to operate the breath test machine. Before being allowed to conduct the breath test, a police officer must complete training pursuant to the regulations of the New York State Department of Health and […]

What Are The Penalties For Snowmobilers Who Repeatedly Operate While Intoxicated In Buffalo, NY?

Snowmobilers should be aware that just as it is illegal to drive a car while intoxicated, it is against the law to operate a snowmobile on any Buffalo area street, highway, public trail, land, body of water, or on the private property of another person while under the influence of alcohol. Also, just as the […]

What Is The Purpose Of The Purge Cycle Of The Breath Test Machine In Buffalo, NY?

The modern breath test machines used in DWI cases by all law enforcement agencies in the Buffalo area are complicated devices. They automatically perform a variety of steps related to the breath test and document the results. When any breath test is performed on one of these machines, it should perform multiple purges during the […]