Author Archives: Friedman & Ranzenhofer

In Buffalo, Should A Driver Be Read His Rights Before Police Ask Him If He Has Been Drinking?

Most Buffalo residents are familiar with the idea that someone placed under arrest should be “read his rights” by law enforcement. These rights, also known as Miranda Warnings, include constitutional rights to remain silent when questioned and the right to an attorney. Unfortunately for those stopped for drinking and driving, a failure to read these […]

Are The Potential Charges For Boating While Intoxicated The Same As For DWI In A Car In Buffalo?

It is illegal to operate a boat propelled by mechanical power on any of the waterways under the jurisdiction of New York State while under the influence of alcohol. For Buffalo area residents, this includes operation on waterways adjacent to the state, such as Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, that fall under New York State […]

Doesn't Having An Ignition Interlock Shut Off A Car Risk Causing Accidents In Buffalo?

Many Buffalo drivers who are convicted of a drinking and driving offense are required to have an ignition interlock device installed on any vehicle they wish to continue operating for work or school. The installation of an ignition interlock device is mandatory for most misdemeanor and felony DWI offenses. The purpose of the ignition interlock […]

Penalties For Criminally Possessing A Hypodermic Instrument (NY PL 220.45) In Buffalo

Knowingly and unlawfully possessing or selling a hypodermic needle or syringe is a crime in Buffalo, and one that prosecutors here take very seriously. Since Criminally Possessing a Hypodermic Instrument (NY PL 220.45) is typically charged alongside other allegations related to drugs, it’s vital that you find capable legal help as soon as possible. Violations […]

Penalties For Criminal Sale Of A Controlled Substance In Or Near School Grounds (NY PL 220.44) In Buffalo

When certain drug sales crimes happen on school grounds, on a school bus, or in a child day care or learning facility, they can elicit an additional charge, Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance In or Near School Grounds (NY PL 220.44). This is a class B felony which can be attached to indictments for […]

Penalties For Criminal Sale Of A Controlled Substance In The First Degree (NY PL 220.43) In Buffalo

Narcotic drug sales in high quantities, over two ounces, is a class A-I felony in New York, and Buffalo prosecutors do not hesitate to charge defendants with Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance in the First Degree (NY PL 220.43). Because of the risk to others posed by the distribution of such large quantities of […]

What Do I Do When I’m Scared Of My Spouse And Want To File For Divorce In Buffalo?

When your marriage has broken down and you’re experiencing threats or even violence in your home, it’s time to take steps to protect yourself. Filing for divorce is a difficult step in any circumstance, but when your safety is in jeopardy, it’s important that all necessary precautions are taken to ensure your rights and freedom […]

Penalties For Criminal Sale Of A Controlled Substance In The Second Degree (NY PL 220.41) In Buffalo

When you’re charged with Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance in the Second Degree (NY PL 220.41) by Buffalo prosecutors, you are facing a charge that can put you in prison for the rest of your life. As a class A-II felony, your minimum sentence – the time you’ll have to serve before you can […]

Penalties For Criminal Sale Of A Controlled Substance In The Third Degree (NY PL 220.39) In Buffalo

In general, as the degree of a charge gets lower, the penalties for violating it increase. This is especially true for drug crimes, and in the case of Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance in the Third Degree (NY PL 220.39), Buffalo prosecutors have the option of asking the court for a sentence as high […]

Penalties For Criminal Sale Of A Controlled Substance In The Fourth Degree (NY PL 220.34) In Buffalo

Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance in the Fourth Degree (NY PL 220.34) serves as a wide net that Buffalo prosecutors can cast when drug crimes are alleged. Selling various types of drugs, usually in particular amounts, is one way to be charged. Selling drugs on a school bus or school grounds is another. NY […]